A substantial quantity of food waste may result in global warming as food creates methane gas once it decomposes from the landfill.
As a researcher on food intake and food waste, I provide the following three approaches for policymakers to decrease food waste in Indonesia.
1. Support and Purchase Conventional Food Retailers
Indonesians are usually educated not to waste food.
Nearly 84 percent of respondents in my food intake and food waste study at Bogor declared their civilization prohibits them by wasting meals. There’s a favorite traditional expression, “Do not squander rice or the rice will shout”, that parents inform their kids to make them finish their meals.
But, industrialization, urbanization and the developing middle-class people have led to changes in food intake patterns. If purchasing food, customers are often enticed by impulse purchasing, advertising and “buy one get one free” promotions.
Traditional Indonesian markets and cellular vendors can provide a remedy to decrease the over-purchasing habit.
These kinds of retailers can help customers curtail impulse purchasing by supplying seasonal offerings and choices to purchase food in tiny quantities.
These niches are also cash-based in order that they can help customers remain on budget.
But, grocery purchases at conventional wet markets are falling at a rate of 2% annually at the face of extreme competition from modern supermarkets.
Thus, authorities at all levels should encourage the revitalisation of traditional markets within their own areas. This revitalisation would aim to offer better sanitation and storage infrastructure to boost consumer experience.
2. Instruction in Schools and Via Social Networking
The value of not wasting food ought to be educated in schools.
In North America, many organisations and schools like the Commission for Environmental Cooperation have developed resources to boost pupils’ awareness of food waste through different tasks and initiatives. Examples include teaching pupils how to quantify food waste through waste audits. Learning how to decrease food waste may also be incorporated into mathematics or cooking course.
Advice on food waste may also be sent via social networking and programs to fortify the value of waste and construct a collective motion throughout the archipelago.
3. Innovation and Cooperation
By way of instance, the Magalarva firm has turned into food waste to fish feed in the shape of black soldier fly larvae.
Indonesia will help these businesses thrive by creating a coalition of stakeholders — companies, academics and the public sector — to jointly tackle the dilemma of food waste through different avenues.
What is Next?
To decrease waste, the government has made a commitment to decrease greenhouse gas emissions from squander by 6 percent . Regrettably, there’s been no update on the progress of the initiative.
For the authorities to generate progress with this commitment, reducing the quantity of food waste also needs to be on its schedule.
But, reducing food waste may not be simple. My latest study suggests that people’s buying habits in Indonesia are shifting and contemporary supermarkets also have made it simpler for folks to over-consume, thus encouraging them to squander more food.
My study, involving over 300 families in Bogor, suggests that high-income and middle-income men and women tend to store in modern supermarkets. Exposed to promotions and pushed by the custom of stocking up on food, these families will probably purchase more than they require.
To deal with this matter, authorities must use civil society, business and educators to think of effective solutions which could help people to quit wasting food.